(i) First of all the war created a new economic and political situation. (ii) It led to a huge increase in defence expenditure which was financed by war loans and increasing taxes; custom duties were raised and income tax introduced.
What was the condition of India after World war?
After the end of the war, India emerged as the world’s fourth largest industrial power and its increased political, economic and military influence paved the way for its independence from the United Kingdom in 1947.
What was the condition of India at the time of the 3 first world war?
(iv) Villages were called upon to supply soldiers, and forced recruitment in rural areas caused widespread anger. (v) Then in 1918-19 and 1920-21, crops failed in many parts of India, resulting in acute shortage of food. This was accompanied by an influenza epidemic.
How was India affected by the First World War?
iii) The war increased demand for industrial goods such as jute bags, fabric, and rail, and reduced imports into India from other countries. iv) During the war, Indian factories grew, and Indian business groups began to demand more growth opportunities. v) The war brought massive profits to business organizations.
What was the condition after the First World War?
Four empires collapsed due to the war, old countries were abolished, new ones were formed, boundaries were redrawn, international organizations were established, and many new and old ideologies took a firm hold in people’s minds.
Why did Britishers leave India?
An early symptom of the weakness of the empire was Britain’s withdrawal from India in 1947. During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942.
Who won World war 1?
Who won World War I? The Allies won World War I after four years of combat and the deaths of some 8.5 million soldiers as a result of battle wounds or disease. Read more about the Treaty of Versailles.
On what condition were the Congress leaders ready to support the British war effort at the time of Second World war?
The Congress leaders were ready to support the British war effort on condition that they would declare India’s independence after the war.
How many wars India has won?
Since India gained its independence in 1947, it has waged four wars intermittently by the 1970s against Pakistan (Indo-Pakistani Wars) and China (the India-China War).
What did the British do to India?
After oppressing India for 200 years, draining its wealth and filling their own coffers, the U.K. ripped the Indian subcontinent into pieces just before they finally left. The partition of 1947 that came along with India’s independence left nearly one million dead and 13 million displaced.
Did World war affect India?
The First World War caused India to nearly go bankrupt and also a major loss in casualties. Indian troops as high as 800,000 in numbers fought in every aspect of War and a majority 500,000 Indian people volunteered to fight for the British. Offers of financial and military help were made from all over the country.
Which country was defeated after the first world war?
✎… Germany was the country that was defeated in the First World War. The German-led faction was defeated in World War I. Apart from Germany, this group included countries like Austria, Hungary, Bulgaria. The First World War was fought between 1914 and 1918.
Why did Germany lose the first World War?
Germany failed to succeed in World War One because of three main reasons, the failure of the Schlieffen plan, nationalism, and the allies’ effective use of attrition warfare. The failure of the Schlieffen plan caused Germanys plan to fight a two front war almost impossible.
What country was split in two after ww1?
It was split into two countries: Austria and Hungary.