The National Sample Survey Office’s (NSSO) data – 76th round provides an overview of the various sources of drinking water available in urban and rural India. The data shows that groundwater is the most reliable source of drinking water for nearly 43 percent of the rural population in the country.
Is groundwater safe to drink in India?
Ground Water Quality Scenario in India
In general, greater part of the country, ground water is of good quality and suitable for drinking, agricultural or industrial purposes. Ground water in shallow aquifers is generally suitable for use for different purposes and is mainly of Calcium Bicarbonate and Mixed type.
Is underground water safe for drinking?
Generally, both groundwater and surface water can provide safe drinking water, as long as the sources are not polluted and the water is sufficiently treated. Groundwater is preferable over surface water for a number of reasons.
What is the problem of ground water in India?
ABSTRACT Overexploitation of groundwater and intensive irrigation in major canal commands has posed serious problems for groundwater managers in India. Depletion of water tables, saltwater encroachment, drying of aquifers, groundwater pollution, water logging and salinity, etc.
Why deep underground water is safe for drinking?
See, when the water from rain or other means reaches land, it is absorbed by the ground. Then it goes from the natural filteration done by sand, rocks etc. and becomes pure and safe for drinking.
Which state has the purest water in India?
Punjab ranked highest with 97.6%, while Kerala has the worst rank with only 33.5% households having access to safe drinking water. National average stands at 85.5%.
Which city has cleanest water in India?
Indore, the country’s cleanest city, has now been declared the first “water plus” city of India under the Swachh Survekshan 2021, Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan said. Indore, the state’s commercial capital, has set an example for other cities, he said.
Is bore water safe?
Bore water may be contaminated and unsafe to use. It should never be used for drinking, cooking, watering edible plants or filling up swimming pools unless it has been tested by a specialist laboratory. … Bore water is groundwater that has been accessed by drilling a bore into underground water storages called aquifers.
Can you get sick from bore water?
Tanks, creeks, bore water and dams can be infected with water borne diseases, especially after storms or floods. Contaminated water can cause sickness such as gastroenteritis and diarrhoea. The best way to kill waterborne bacteria is to boil the water before drinking. Filtration works very effectively too.
Is bore water good to drink?
Is borewell water safe to drink? NO! Borewell water is not safe to drink. Many families, nowadays, install a combination of RO and UV water purifiers to remove TDS, chemicals, as well as pathogens from the water efficiently.
Why groundwater is overused in India?
1. Because of the vast and increasing population and the resultant higher demand for and unequal access to water. 2. Water supplies are being over-exploited to increase irrigated regions and dry season cultivation in order to promote increased demand for food grains for huge populations.
Which country is the highest user of groundwater?
India is the largest user of groundwater in the world. It uses an estimated 230 cubic kilometers of groundwater per year – over a quarter of the global total. More than 60% of irrigated agriculture and 85% of drinking water supplies are dependent on groundwater.
How much groundwater is overused India?
one-third of country.
Is groundwater safer than surface water?
Through runoff, air fallout, and other sources, surface water can contain significant amounts of contaminants such as chemical pollutants. … Therefore, groundwater generally contains fewer contaminants than surface water and requires less treatment.
How pure is underground water?
Groundwater is pure and hence a very safe source. Groundwater flows mainly in underground rivers. Groundwater is not connected to rivers and lakes. Contaminants from oil that is poured on the ground will be filtered by soil and gravel before reaching groundwater.
Is groundwater clean?
Unlike surface water collected in rivers and lakes, groundwater is often clean and ready to drink. This is because the soil actually filters the water. The soil can hold onto pollutants—such as living organisms, harmful chemicals and minerals—and only let the clean water through.