Question: Who introduced communal electorate in India?

Lord Minto is known as the father of the communal electorate. This was due to the introduction of the Indian Councils Act, 1909 which introduced separate electorates for Muslims. This act effectively ‘legalised communalism’ as it introduced electorates based solely on religion.

Who introduced communal electorate system in India?

Indian Council Act of 1909 is also known as Morley- Minto Reform. It was instituted to placate the Moderates (Congress) and introduces separate electorates on the basis of religion. Therefore, Lord Minto came to be known as Father of Communal Electorate in India.

Who introduced communal electorate?

The Communal Award was created by the British prime minister Ramsay MacDonald on 16 August 1932. Also known as the MacDonald Award, it was announced after the Round Table Conference (1930–32) and extended the separate electorate to depressed Classes (now known as the Scheduled Caste) and other minorities.

When was the communal electorate introduced in India?

The Communal Electorate system in India was first introduced by the Minto- Morley reforms in 1909. The Indian Councils Act of 1909 is also known as Morley-Minto Reforms. Lord Morley was the then Secretary of State for India and Lord Minto was the then Viceroy of India.

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Who is known as father of communal electorate in India?

Lord Minto is known as the father of the communal electorate. This was due to the introduction of the Indian Councils Act, 1909 which introduced separate electorates for Muslims. This act effectively ‘legalised communalism’ as it introduced electorates based solely on religion.

What was introduced in place of communal electorate after India’s independence?

The Indian Council Act of 1909 or the Morley-Minto Reforms introduced a system of communal representation for Muslims by accepting the concept of ‘separate electorate’.

What is communal electorate?

In separate (communal) electorates, only the representative of a particular community contests the elections. In such kinds of elections, only the people of a particular community can participate in the election.

Who announced the Communal Award in 1932?

Prime Minister MacDonald announced his Communal Award, Great Britain’s unilateral attempt to resolve the various conflicts among India’s many communal interests.

Who demanded separate electorate?

Under British rule

Again, in the Round Table Conferences in 1930–32, the concept of separate electorates for the Untouchables (SC) was raised by B. R. Ambedkar as a way to ensure sufficient representation for the minority SC communities in the government.

Which Government of India Act introduced the system of communal representation?

The Indian Councils Act 1909 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that brought about a limited increase in the involvement of Indians in the governance of British India. It introduced a system of communal representation for Muslims by accepting the concept of ‘separate electorate’.

Why was Morley-Minto reforms introduced?

The Morley-Minto Reforms became law in 1909 as the Indian Councils Act. The importance of the Councils, which were enlarged, was to ensure that Indian legislators were given a chance to express their opinions. The British also accepted the right of Muslims to have a separate electorate.

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