The partition involved the division of two provinces, Bengal and Punjab, based on district-wide non-Muslim or Muslim majorities. The partition also saw the division of the British Indian Army, the Royal Indian Navy, the Royal Indian Air Force, the Indian Civil Service, the railways, and the central treasury.
What was the main cause of the partition of India?
One reason for partition was the two-nation theory, which was presented by Syed Ahmed Khan and stated that Muslims and Hindus were too different to be in one country. Pakistan became a Muslim country, and India became a majority-Hindu but officially-secular country.
Who is responsible for the partition of India?
Markandey Katju views the British as bearing responsibility for the partition of India; he regards Jinnah as a British agent who advocated for the creation of Pakistan in order “to satisfy his ambition to become the ‘Quaid-e-Azam’, regardless of the suffering his actions caused to both Hindus and Muslims.” Katju …
What were the effects of the partition of India?
Partition triggered riots, mass casualties, and a colossal wave of migration. Millions of people moved to what they hoped would be safer territory, with Muslims heading towards Pakistan, and Hindus and Sikhs in the direction of India.
What caused the partition of India in 1947?
The need for a partition of the new country came about as Hindus and Muslims in India were deeply divided and unwilling to coexist in the same nation. Specifically, the Muslim League did not want to accept Indian independence if it were to be governed by the Hindu-dominated Congress party.
What are the main causes of partition?
5 important causes for the partition of India
- Ever rising religious hostilities between Hindus and Muslims:
- Provincial Elections (1937):
- Compromise attempts failed:
- Violence broke out in August 1946:
- Mountbatten decides on partition:
In which year did partition of India took place?
In August, 1947, when, after three hundred years in India, the British finally left, the subcontinent was partitioned into two independent nation states: Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan.
Who wrote the partition of India?
Seventy-one years back, on June 3, 1947, in a joint conference with the Congress and the Muslim League, the last Viceroy of India, Louis Mountbatten, announced the partition of India.
Who divided the Indian history into three parts?
In 1817, James Mill, a Scottish economist and political philosopher, published a massive three-volume work, A History of British India. In this he divided Indian history into three periods – Hindu, Muslim and British. This periodisation came to be widely accepted.
What partition means?
1 : the action of parting : the state of being parted : division the partition of Korea into North and South Korea. 2 : something that divides especially : an interior dividing wall The bank teller sat behind a glass partition. 3 : one of the parts or sections of a whole The estate was divided into three partitions.
How did Partition of India affect the Indian economy explain?
Thirdly, India lost a sizeable amount of internal market to the tune of an estimated 1000 million yards because of the partition. The country also lost her earlier advantage as an exporter. However, this loss did not matter much so far as the economy of West Bengal is concerned because the state is not a cotton grower.
What was the impact of partition on Indian economy?
The immediate effect of the partition was the emergence of shortages both in India and Pakistan. While there was food shortage in India, there was consumer goods shortage in Pakistan. There was paucity of mineral resources in Pakistan but a deficiency of agricultural raw-materials in India.
What was the impact of partition on Indian economy 12?
Partition of country : Partition of the country in 1947 adversely affected India’s agricultural production. The rich food production areas of west Punjab and Sindh went to Pakistan. It created scarcity of food in India. The jute production area went to East Pakistan (now Bangladesh).