Nineteenth century is the period of turmoil in Indian society. The age-old traditions and practices were degraded and these were replaced by many social evils like female infanticide, sati, child-marriage, caste system, purdah; ban on female education, and widow re-marriage etc.
What was society like in the 19th century?
During the 19th-century life was transformed by the Industrial Revolution. At first, it caused many problems but in the late 19th-century life became more comfortable for ordinary people. Meanwhile, Britain became the world’s first urban society. By 1851 more than half the population lived in towns.
How was India in 19th century?
In the 1800s English power expanded in India, as it would until the mutinies of 1857-58. After those very violent spasms things would change, yet Britain was still in control. And India was very much an outpost of the mighty British Empire.
India is a hierarchical society. Whether in north India or south India, Hindu or Muslim, urban or village, virtually all things, people, and social groups are ranked according to various essential qualities. Although India is a political democracy, notions of complete equality are seldom evident in daily life.
The major social problems which came in the purview of these reform movements were emancipation of women in which sati, infanticide, child marriage and widow re-marriage were taken up, casteism and untouchability, education for bringing about enlightenment in society and in the religious sphere.
Purdha system, child marriage,sati, Polygamy,problems on inter-caste marriage, inter-dining are some of the social evils prevalent in the society in 19th century.
How did society change in the 19th century?
There was much social change in the 19th century. Slavery was abolished in much of Europe and the Americas. The First and Second Industrial Revolutions (which also overlap with the 18th and 20th centuries, respectively) led to massive urbanisation and much higher levels of productivity, profit and prosperity.
What were the conditions faced by workers in the factories of the 19th century?
WORKING CONDITIONS IN FACTORIES
Most were not paid well, and the typical workday was 12 hours or more, six days per week. Owners spent little money to improve the safety and comfort of its workers. Since there were no laws protecting workers, owners took no responsibility for employees who got hurt or sick on the job.
What did it mean to be middle class in the 19th century?
“The middle class” is a term widely applied in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries to people who occupy the middle position between those who have to labor continually in order to survive, and those who hold ancestral “blood rights” to monopolize political power, economic resources, and social privilege.
What problems did India faced after independence?
It can be termed as ” Bloodless Revolution”. But after independence, India had to face many problems like illiteracy, corruption, status of women, poverty, gender discrimination, untouchability, regionalism, communalism etc. There are so many problems which were the greater obstacles for the economic growth of India.
What was life like in India during the 19th century?
19th century India was very backward with the caste system taking ugly forms. Untouchability and Sati system were still in practice, and the illiteracy was very high. Education was denied to women, and veil (purdah) system was in vogue.
What is the condition of India before independence?
Before the Indian Independence Movement in the early 1900 s, India had been under the influence of a foreign ruler for its entire history. It was never in control of its own political destiny, nor was it ever considered a legitimate country.
Classification of Social Issues
|Classification of Major Social Issues||Details|
|Migration||1. Changing Pattern of Migration 2. Plight of migrants|
|Health||1. Impact of air pollution 2. Campaign against Drugs 3. Substance Abuse in India|
|Other Issues||1.Increasing Youth Suicides|
Common Examples of Social Issues
- Poverty and Homelessness. Poverty and homelessness are worldwide problems. …
- Climate Change. A warmer, changing climate is a threat to the entire world. …
- Overpopulation. …
- Immigration Stresses. …
- Civil Rights and Racial Discrimination. …
- Gender Inequality. …
- Health Care Availability. …
- Childhood Obesity.
Types of social issues
- Social stratification.
- Economic issues.
- Social disorganization.
- Public health.
- Age discrimination.
- Social inequality.
- Education and public schools.
- Work and occupations.