8. What is the relationship between the rise of Srivijaya and the world of Indian Ocean commerce? Srivijaya emerged from the intense competition between small ports along the Straits of Malacca, the critical choke point of Indian Ocean commerce.
Why was Srivijaya so important to Indian Ocean trade?
Srivijaya’s plentiful supply of gold-it’s access to the source of highly sought after spices, such as cloves, nutmeg, and mace-provided resources to attract supporters, to find an embryonic bureaucracy, and to create the military and naval forces that brought some security to the area.
What is the relationship between the rise of East Africa and the world of Indian Ocean commerce?
In East Africa, long-distance trade over the waters of the Indian Ocean made possible the exchange of commodities from Asia for those of Africa, which cultivated the rise of commercial emporiums and city-states to promote them. There are striking similarities between Saharan and Indian Oceanic commerce.
Why was Srivijaya important to world history?
Srivijaya was an important centre for the expansion of Buddhism from the 7th to the 12th century AD. Srivijaya was the first unified kingdom to dominate much of the Malay Archipelago. The rise of the Srivijayan Empire was parallel to the end of the Malay sea-faring period.
What caused Indian Ocean commerce and trade to flourish in the post Classical Millennium 500 CE 1500?
Economic and political revival of China: China reestablished an unified state that encouraged maritime trading and the growth of the economy sent Chinese products into Indian Ocean commerce circuits.
Why was the Indian Ocean trade important quizlet?
The Indian Ocean trade was absolutely necessary to the creation of certain city-states like Srivijaya and Swahili coast because without trade those places would not have existed. These cities could tax trade through import and export duties, and they could charge fees to get money to run their cities.
What impact did the Indian Ocean trade have?
New cross-cultural interactions were a significant impact of Indian Ocean trade. These interactions were crucial in the spread of religions and philosophical systems, technology, and cultural systems.
What was the relationship between the state and merchants in long distance trade?
States provided security and protection for merchants on trade routes. In the Aztec Empire, pochteca traded as agents for the state or nobility, or for themselves. In the Inca Empire, the state controlled trade; no merchant class emerged.
What changes and continuities were associated with Portuguese and Dutch involvement in the Indian Ocean trade?
1. What changes and continuities were associated with Portuguese and Dutch involvement in the Indian Ocean trade? The Portuguese and Dutch controlled strategic island and coastal locations.
Do developments between 1200 and 1450 represent a continuation?
The developments between 1200 and 1450 represent a continuation of earlier patterns rather than a sharp break from them. Interactions between the people continued and this kept growing allowing more civilizations to emerge from the original ones.
Which relationship gave rise to the powerful Srivijaya kingdom in the seventh century?
The Strait of Malacca connects the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea; at the time, it was the shortest route between China and India. Because water was the fastest way to travel, control of that strait gave the Srivijaya Empire complete power over the international sea trade in Southeast Asia.
How did the Indian Ocean trade lead to cultural change?
Indian Ocean trade networks spread culture throughout the region by allowing for religions and different aspects of cultures to travel along with the traders to their destinations. Because of this, Indonesia became a dominantly Islamic country whereas other places became fond of Buddhism which originated in India.
How did the Srivijaya empire rise to power?
The kingdom originated in Palembang on the island of Sumatra and soon extended its influence and controlled the Strait of Malacca. Srivijaya’s power was based on its control of international sea trade. It established trade relations not only with the states in the Malay Archipelago but also with China and India.
Why did trade along the Indian Ocean contribute to the growth of states quizlet?
How did the Indian Ocean trading network foster the growth of new states? The Indian Ocean trading network fostered the growth of new states by allowing new ideas and products to come through the cities. Trade of gold, porcelain, and other luxury goods helped the economy grew.
What was the most important thing that helped Indian Ocean trade be reliable and flourish?
Improvements of maritime technologies like lateen sails (the first triangle-shaped sails, allowing ships to be far more maneuverable), dhow ships and the astrolabe (an instrument that vastly increased accurate navigation by measuring the stars), helped sailors navigate safely and consistently throughout the Indian …
What factors led to the emergence of commerce on the Silk Road?
Advances in technology and increased political stability caused an increase in trade. The opening of more trade routes caused travelers to exchange many things: animals, spices, ideas, and diseases.