Through a combination of factors, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and V. P. Menon coerced and coalesced the rulers of the various princely states to accede to India.
How many princely states were merged in India?
Present-day India owes an immeasurable debt of gratitude to the vision, tact, diplomacy and pragmatic approach of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the indomitable man who integrated 562 princely states with the Union of India and prevented the Balkanisation of the newly-independent country.
Which was the first Indian state to merge into the Union of India?
It was the capital of Bhavnagar State, which was a Princely state before it was merged into the Indian Union in 1948, and it was the First State which joined the Indian Union. It is now the administrative headquarter of the Bhavnagar district.
Who was responsible for princely states?
The key factors that led the states to accept integration into India were, the efforts of Lord Mountbatten, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and V. P. Menon.
How was Junagadh merged In Indian Union?
A plebiscite was held on 20 February 1948, in which all but 91 out of 190,870 who voted (from an electorate of 201,457) voted to join India, i.e. 99.95% of the population voted to join India.
When did princely states join India?
Having secured the accession of the princely states, the Government of India between 1948 and 1950 turned to the task of welding the states and the former British provinces into one polity under a single republican constitution.
Which princely state of Gujarat joined India first?
Junagarh or Junagadh was a princely state in Gujarat ruled by the Muslim Babi dynasty in British India, until its integration into the Union of India in 1948.
Which three states did not accede to India initially?
Hyderabad, Junagarh, Jammu and Kashmir were the princely states did not accept the instrument of accession to the union of India.
Who ruled the princely states Class 9?
Princely States were ruled by local, hereditary rulers, who acknowledged British sovereignty in return for local autonomy.
Who voted against the partition of India?
Those who opposed it often adhered to the doctrine of composite nationalism. The Hindu, Christian, Anglo-Indian, Parsi and Sikh communities were largely opposed to the partition of India (and its underlying two-nation theory), as were many Muslims (these were represented by the All India Azad Muslim Conference).
Which ex princely state was the first to be merged with the state of Odisha after independence?
After the independence of India, Mayurbhanj state under Maharaja Pratap Chandra Bhanjdeo acceded to the Indian Union on 1 January 1949 and was merged with Orissa Province, which became later the state of Odisha.
Which was the smallest princely state?
So is the caption below it, which tells you that of Kathiawar’s 222 princely states “the smallest was Vejanoness with an area of 0.76 sq km, a population of 206 and an annual income of Rs 500”.
Which was the richest princely state In India?
In the years that followed the prince’s descendants, the Ni-zams of the princely state of Hyderabad, became the richest lords of all, in an India laden with rich potentates.
How many princely states were united by Sardar Vallabhbhai?
There were 562 princely states in India which Sardar Patel integrated.