Why was India such an important colony to Great Britain?

As well as spices, jewels and textiles, India had a huge population. Soldiering was an honourable tradition in India and the British capitalised on this. They regimented India’s manpower as the backbone of their military power.

Was India Britain’s most important colony?

India became the empire’s most valuable possession, “the Jewel in the Crown”, and was the most important source of Britain’s strength. A series of serious crop failures in the late 19th century led to widespread famines on the subcontinent in which it is estimated that over 15 million people died.

Why was India the most valuable British colony Class 8?

Thus, the British considered India to be its “Jewel in the Crown” because of its location, resources and population, out of which they could earn huge amounts of revenue. Thus, the correct answer is option (B) India’s population and resources made it the most valuable of all British colonies.

What did Great Britain take from India?

Drawing on nearly two centuries of detailed data on tax and trade, Patnaik calculated that Britain drained a total of nearly $45 trillion from India during the period 1765 to 1938.

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How did India become a British colony?

The British came to India as traders and soon realised that they could safeguard their trading and economic interests by colonizing the country. The Battle of Plessey in 1757 laid the foundation of the British rule in India. By 1765, the British had become the virtual rulers of Bengal, Bihar and Odisha.

When did Britain colonize India?

British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947.

Why did Britain give India independence?

1947: Partition of India

During World War Two, the British had mobilised India’s resources for their imperial war effort. They crushed the attempt of Mahatma Gandhi and the Indian National Congress to force them to ‘quit India’ in 1942.

What were two positive effects of British rule in India?

Positive Impact: Some positive impact of the British rule in India were the introduction of the railways, post and telegraph system for masses, introduction of Western sceinces and the English language. However, it is to be noted that the British intorduced railways for its own benifits.

Why was India referred to as the jewel in the crown?

Why was the British India called the jewel of crown of the Great Britain? Answer: India was the jewel in the British Empire because at that time India was rich in spices, silk, indigo, gold etc.

What if India was never colonized by the British?

India would probably be a continent in itself consisting of 30-40 states each aligning its identity to a language or religion. They either have monarchies, parliamentary systems or a presidential system, some being stronger than others.

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How did India became an official colony of Great Britain in 1857?

This system of governance was instituted on 28 June 1858, when, after the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the rule of the British East India Company was transferred to the Crown in the person of Queen Victoria (who, in 1876, was proclaimed Empress of India).

What are the major colonial impact on Indian society?

The British rule introduced the railways, the press, and the western system of education, clubs and associations all of which shook the prevalent socio-economic order. But the processes of exploitation unleashed by them destroyed the possibilities of development of industries and a modern economic system in India.